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Hydrological characteristics and flood plain vegetation of human impacted wetlands: A case study from Okhla Bird Sanctuary, National Capital Region, India
Upma Manral,Angshuman Raha,Ridhima Solanki,Syed Ainul Hussain
Asian Journal of Conservation Biology , 2012,
Abstract: Yamuna River has been subjected to severe anthropogenic pressures such as water abstraction, discharge of wastewater, development activities on river floodplains, deforestation in the river basin resulting in reduced flow, loss of habitat, deterioration of water quality and loss of biological diversity. We studied hydrological characteristics such as river flow, water depth and quality and floodplain vegetation characteristics of Okhla Bird Sanctuary (OBS), a human modified floodplain wetland formed due to the construction of Okhla barrage across the Yamuna River in National Capital Region (NCR), on the Delhi-Uttar Pradesh border. The flow data for Yamuna was collected from Delhi Jal board and irrigation department of Uttar Pradesh. Study indicates reduced flow in the river downstream Wazirabad with no release of water in the summers of 2006 and 2010. For bathymetry, GARMIN 160 C Fish Finder was used after dividing study area into 50 m x 50 m grids. About 65% area had depth less than 2 m indicating more of shallower areas. Results for water quality analysis show a dissolved oxygen level at 1.6 ± 0.84 mgl-1, Biological and Chemical Oxygen demand at 16.72 ± 4.28 mgl-1 and 39.8 ± 7.71 mgl-1 respectively, indicating a high organic load in the river. The Sanctuary is facing serious threats from the rapid proliferation of Typha angustifolia and Eichhornia crassipes which were dominant species in shallow water and open water habitats, respectively. Thus, the remaining Yamuna river flood plain in the NCR, Delhi should be declared as ecologically sensitive area and appropriate measures should be taken to maintain its integrity.
NERVE INJURIES RELATED TO MANDIBULAR THIRD MOLAR EXTRACTIONS
Ridhima Sharma
e-Journal of Dentistry , 2012,
Abstract:
PERIODONTAL INFECTIONS AS A RISK FACTOR FOR VARIOUS SYSTEMIC DISEASES
Gaurav Solanki,Renu Solanki
International Journal of Biomedical and Advance Research , 2012, DOI: 10.7439/ijbar.v1i1.645
Abstract: A healthy periodontium is needed for the general well being of an individual. However, periodontal diseases are common and periodontal infections are increasingly associated with systemic diseases. The literature is focused on the association between periodontal infections and systemic diseases. The individuals with periodontal disease may be at higher risk for adverse medical outcomes including cardiovascular diseases, respiratory infections, adverse pregnancy outcomes, rheumatoid arthritis and diabetes mellitus. Many cohorts, in vitro and animal studies suggest that systemic inflammation due to pathogens associated with periodontal disease may play a role in the initiation and progression of some systemic diseases. Periodontal infections should therefore be considered as a risk factor for various systemic diseases.
ALGINATE DRESSINGS – AN OVERVIEW
Gaurav Solanki,Renu Solanki
International Journal of Biomedical Research , 2012, DOI: 10.7439/ijbr.v3i1.322
Abstract: Alginate dressings are highly absorbent, biodegradable material derived from the seaweed. They are used to cleanse wide variety of secreting lesions. They show high absorptivity which is achieved via strong hydrophilic gel formation, this limits the wound secretions, promotes wound healing and also minimizes the bacterial contamination. Alginate dressings are very useful for moderate to heavily exudating wounds. This article throws light on the alginate dressing and its importance medical science. Patents are the richest source of the latest technological information. A review of some patents on alginate dressing is provided that summarizes the recent technical advancements taken place in this area.
ALGINATE DRESSINGS a€“ AN OVERVIEW
Gaurav Solanki,Renu Solanki
International Journal of Biomedical Research , 2013, DOI: 10.7439/ijbr.v3i1.322
Abstract: Alginate dressings are highly absorbent, biodegradable material derived from the seaweed. They are used to cleanse wide variety of secreting lesions. They show high absorptivity which is achieved via strong hydrophilic gel formation, this limits the wound secretions, promotes wound healing and also minimizes the bacterial contamination. Alginate dressings are very useful for moderate to heavily exudating wounds. This article throws light on the alginate dressing and its importance medical science. Patents are the richest source of the latest technological information. A review of some patents on alginate dressing is provided that summarizes the recent technical advancements taken place in this area.
Minimally invasive surgical approach to retrieve migrated intrauterine contraceptive device
Maruti Sinha,Ridhima Gupta,Aruna Tiwari
International Journal of Reproduction, Contraception, Obstetrics and Gynecology , 2013, DOI: 10.5455/2320-1770.ijrcog20130607
Abstract: Background: To present experience with clinical presentation, diagnosis and minimally invasive removal of migrated intrauterine contraceptive device (IUD). Methods: A total of 6 patients were included in retrospective study. Diagnosis was based on clinical presentation, TVS and Abdominopelvic X- ray. Minimally invasive approach was utilized to remove migrated IUD. Results: The mean (range) age of the patient was 36.6 (26-55) years. The mean (range) of parity was 3.5 (2-6). The mean (range) duration of IUD use was 8.1 (3-25) years. Five patients had TCu380A IUD. One patient had Lippes loop type of IUD. Three patients underwent laparoscopy, two had hysteroscopy and one had cystoscopy, for removal of IUD. The mean (range) operative time was 40.8 (18-76) mins. No anesthesia or surgery related complications were observed intraoperatively. The mean (range) duration of hospital stay was 34 (24-48) hours. The postoperative course was uneventful and all the patients were followed for 3-6 months period of time with no complaints. Conclusion: Removal of migrated IUDs is recommended in symptomatic and asymptomatic patients using minimally invasive approach. [Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol 2013; 2(2.000): 147-151]
Review: SOME MEDICINAL PLANTS WITH ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY
Renu Solanki*
Pharmacie Globale : International Journal of Comprehensive Pharmacy , 2010,
Abstract: Bacterial infections are one of the prominent causes of health problems, physical disabilities and mortalities around the world. Symptoms and complications associated with bacterial infections such as fever, chills, headache, nausea, vomiting and organ failures affect patient’s life severely. Medicinal plants are a rich source of antimicrobial agents and provide a safer and cost effective way of treating bacterial infections. This article describes the antibacterial properties of Cassia fistula, Acacia aroma, Azadirachta indica, Ziziphora clinopodioides, Argemone mexicana, Nephelium lappaceum, Punica granatum, Phyllanthus discoideus, Curcuma amada, Emblica officinalis & Nymphae odorata and Mallotus peltatus. A review of some patents on herbal products for the treatment of bacterial diseases is provided that highlights the recent technical advancements that have taken place in this area.
A CASE REPORTING A PATIENT OF ORAL SUBMUCOUS FIBROSIS
Gaurav Solanki
International Journal of Biomedical and Advance Research , 2012, DOI: 10.7439/ijbar.v1i2.653
Abstract: Oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) is a pre-malignant lesion of the buccal mucosa caused by chewing betel quid. It results in the progressive inability to open the mouth. Patients with OSMF require anesthesia for trismus correction, resection and reconstructive surgery for coexisting oral malignancies or other unrelated surgeries. OSMF causes trismus, which results in difficulty in laryngoscopy and intubations of the trachea. A case of oral submucous fibrosis occurring in a 35 year old man is presented.
A REVIEW ON FACIAL NEURALGIAS
Gaurav Solanki
International Journal of Biomedical and Advance Research , 2012, DOI: 10.7439/ijbar.v1i2.655
Abstract: Facial neuralgias are produced by a change in neurological structure or function. This type of neuropathic pain affects the mental health as well as quality of life of patients. There are different types of neuralgias affecting the oral and maxillofacial region. These unusual pains are linked to some possible mechanisms. Various diagnostic tests are done to diagnose the proper cause of facial neuralgia and according to it the medical and surgical treatment is done to provide relief to patient.
A GENERAL OVERVIEW OF GINGIVA
Gaurav Solanki
International Journal of Biomedical Research , 2013, DOI: 10.7439/ijbr.v3i2.345
Abstract: The gingiva (gum) is the protective type of skin that is closely adapted to the necks of the teeth and covers the bone holding the roots of the teeth. Healthy gingiva is usually coral pink, but may contain physiologic pigmentation. Changes in color, particularly increased redness, together with edema and an increased tendency to bleed, suggest an inflammation that is possibly due to the accumulation of bacterial plaque. This article throws light on the types of gingiva, different cells present in gingiva, gingival disease etc. A review of some patents on gingiva is also provided that summarizes the recent advancements taken place in this area.
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