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The Effect of Submaximal Exercise Preceded by Single Whole-Body Cryotherapy on the Markers of Oxidative Stress and Inflammation in Blood of Volleyball Players

DOI: 10.1155/2013/409567

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The aim of the study was to determine the effect of single whole-body cryotherapy (WBC) session applied prior to submaximal exercise on the activity of antioxidant enzymes, the concentration of lipid peroxidation products, total oxidative status, and the level of cytokines in blood of volleyball players. The study group consisted of 18 male professional volleyball players, who were subjected to extremely cold air ( ) prior to exercise performed on cycloergometer. Blood samples were taken five times: before WBC, after WBC procedure, after exercise preceded by cryotherapy (WBC exercise), and before and after exercise without WBC (control exercise). The activity of catalase statistically significantly increased after control exercise. Moreover, the activity of catalase and superoxide dismutase was lower after WBC exercise than after control exercise ( ). After WBC exercise, the level of IL-6 and IL-1 was also lower ( ) than after control exercise. The obtained results may suggest that cryotherapy prior to exercise may have some antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. The relations between the level of studied oxidative stress and inflammatory markers may testify to the contribution of reactive oxygen species in cytokines release into the blood system in response to exercise and WBC. 1. Introduction The physical effort is a complex systemic process, which may have many health benefits including a lowered threat of all-cause mortality along with a reduced risk of respiratory and cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes, and many others [1, 2]. However, it is also clear that high training volume and insufficient recovery may induce muscle damage with subsequent inflammation indicated by soreness, swelling, and loss of muscle function [3]. In modern sport, the competitive athletes are often exposed to high-intensity exercise performed multiple times per week, which may lead to overreaching and overtraining and diminish competitive performance [4]. The short period of recovery available for the athletes requires applying the additional methods that prevent overtraining [5]. Hence, in recent years, the scientific interest in sport medicine has been increasing in recovery modalities. A modern method used to maximize the performance of the athletes and to prevent traumas seems to be stimulation cryotherapy (cryostimulation). Initially, it was predominantly used in treating several diseases; however, its beneficial effects in postexercise recovery make it more and more often applied in sportsmen [6, 7]. For professional sportsmen, the preferred form of

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